Universal human rights are the rights specified for every individual no matter what background, caste, creed, religion, or culture a person belongs to. These rights are designed to provide freedom and ease of living. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, was the first legal instrument to establish globally guaranteed fundamental human rights. To know more about what are the universal human rights continue reading the blog.
Basic Universal Human Rights
Human rights are moral concepts or conventions that describe specific standards of human behavior and are recognized as legal rights under local and international law. There are about 30 rights in total, a few of them are listed below:
1. All Human Beings Are Free And Equal
Human beings are born with the same dignity and rights.
2. No Discrimination
Everyone, regardless of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinions, national or social origin, property, birth, or another status, is entitled to all rights and freedoms.
3. Right To Life
Every person has the right to life, liberty, and personal security.
4. No Torture And Inhuman Treatment
Torture, as well as cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, are prohibited.
5. Equal Before The Law
Everyone is equal in the eyes of the law, and everyone is entitled to equal protection under the law. Everyone has the right to equal protection from discrimination.
6. No Unfair Detainment
No one shall be arbitrarily arrested, detained, or exiled.
7. Right To Trial
In the determination of his rights and obligations, as well as any criminal charge against him, everyone has the right to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial judiciary.
8. Freedom To Movement And Residence
Within each state’s borders, everyone has the right to free movement and residence. Everyone has the right to leave and return to any country, including his or her own.
9. Right To Own Things
Everyone has the right to possess property both individually and collectively. No one’s property can be taken away from them unilaterally.
10. Freedom Of Thought And Religion
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion, which includes the freedom to change one’s religion or belief and the freedom to express one’s religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observation, whether alone or in community with others and in public or private.
11. Right To Social Security
Everyone has the right to social security as a member of society and is entitled to the realization of the economic, social, and cultural rights that are essential for his dignity and the free development of his personality, through national effort and international cooperation, and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State.
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